Planning for the Classes


The City of Geneva’s (New York) pre-war manufacturing and agricultural history was sufficient to build a sophisticated infrastructure going into World War II. The arrival of the Depot and Naval Base in nearby Seneca brought overcrowding and congestion and triggered something of a building boom to Geneva. When the base closed, the city’s middle class left for newer housing and retail outside the city.

Charles Buki describes inherent difficulties in integrating the full range of economic classes into neighborhoods and how the planning process itself is likely to be less effective for poorer neighborhoods.